The basic premise behind rock climbing is extremely simple. You are trying to climb from the bottom to the top of something. If that was all there were to it, then you would need nothing but your body and a good pair of climbing shoes. The other part of the sport comes if you slip anywhere along the way.
Because of the possibility of falling, rock climbing involves a great deal of highly specialized equipment to catch you when you fall. When you’re rock climbing outdoors on “traditional” routes, learning to use and properly place this equipment is at least half of the sport!
Top-roping is a great entry point into roped rock climbing. Falls are never serious because the rope always does its job of catching you, minimizing risk of injury.
Traditional top-roping requires that another person (our employee) assists you as you climb, the art of belaying. This extra man is responsible for feeding you rope and lowering you as you descend your route, using a friction device such as an ATC or Gri-Gri to do so.
In the end, top-roping is a great way for beginners to get used to rock-climbing, but it can also be a preferred way for veterans to learn and practice a new route.